What happens to your skin when you get a tattoo?

Getting a tattoo is infamous for being a process which involves excruciating pain. However, it has not hindered people from reaching ink on their skin. Technology has made it more comfortable with the introduction of tattoo machines, which are an improvement to the tools used previously.

For a tattoo to be permanent, the ink should reach the second layer of the skin known as the dermis. It is the tissue situated underneath the skin’s outer layer or epidermis, composed of collagen fibers, glands, nerves, blood vessels, and much more.

Process of Tattooing

This process of tattooing involves making tiny pricks or punctures on the skin by a tattoo artist using a handheld machine with a sterilized needle fixed to it, injecting the ink into the skin. 

The needle is dipped in ink, and the electric motor turned on. This motor moves the needle and applies the stylus to your skin. 

The skin is pricked, rapidly and repeatedly with the sharp needle, penetrating the surface by about a millimeter and depositing drops of insoluble ink into the dermis of the skin. This occurs between the range of 50 and 3,000 times per minute.

Different types of needles can be used to achieve different effects. A needle can have as little as three ends or as much as 25. Needles with lesser ends can be used in outlook, while those with more ends can be used for coloring and shading.

Machines Used

The two most common machines used in tattooing are the rotary and the coil. These machines function differently but do the same thing; in essence, that is, moving the needle. The motor of the rotary machine runs a rotating circular bar, which causes the up and down movement of the needle.

The coil machine, on the other hand, makes use of the direct electrical current is causing the movement of the needle. The artist steps on a foot pedal; this shoots current to the coil, making it an electromagnet. 


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